Johannesburg, 17 May 2016 – The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) has announced a major, 110 million Swiss franc, four year initiative to support National Red Cross Societies respond to the drought that is affecting millions of people across southern Africa. The initiative will increase Red Cross relief activities significantly, alongside an important expansion of long-term efforts to strengthen the resilience of 1 million vulnerable people.
IFRC Secretary General, Mr Elhadj As Sy, made the announcement following a mission to Malawi and Zimbabwe where he travelled to some of the areas worst-affected by a drought driven by one of the strongest El Niño phenomena.
“Much more needs to be done to support communities to survive and strive over the coming months. We met families who have received no external support and who are simply desperate,” said Mr Sy. “The needs far outweigh the response to date. We need to urgently scale-up our interventions to prevent this situation from becoming a catastrophe.”
An estimated 31.6 million people across the region are currently struggling to get adequate food, and this figure may climb to more than 49 million people by the end of the year. Lesotho, Malawi, Swaziland and Zimbabwe have all declared states of emergency, as have seven of South Africa’s nine provinces. Mozambique declared a Red Alert, the highest level of national emergency preparedness, in its central and southern provinces.
In addition to scaling up relief efforts, including emergency distributions of cash, the IFRC’s drought resilience initiative places heavy emphasis on supporting at-risk communities to better withstand future challenges.
“In Mwanza district (southern Malawi) I met families who, as a result of long-term support from the Red Cross and other partners, were better able to cope with the impact of this drought,” said Mr Sy.
One project, implemented by the Malawi Red Cross Society with the support of the Finnish Red Cross, saw vulnerable families receive goats that they could breed and sell for income. Each family is expected to return some of their livestock to the scheme, ensuring that more families can then receive these precious assets
AH, a widow with three children, lives with HIV. She has reared several goats over the past few years and sold them to purchase food, pay for her children’s school fees, and build a new home. She has sold some of her goats to withstand the current drought. “I used to rely on piece work for an income, but it did not pay a lot and we could only afford to eat once a day,” said AH, who currently has 23 goats in her herd. “Now, we are eating three times a day, which is especially important so I can continue my medication. This project has helped me a lot.”
“This is one example of what is needed: a large-scale expansion of small-scale interventions that can have a sustainable and life-changing impact,” said Mr Sy.
Mr Sy was joined in Malawi and Zimbabwe by a number of partners, including the CEO of Devex, Raj Kumar, and UNICEF’s El Niño Senior Advisor, Shadrack Omol. The participation of partners highlighted the importance of improving coordination and cooperation for an effective response.
“The challenges we are now seeing in southern Africa won’t be easily overcome, and they most certainly won’t be overcome if we continue working as we have in the past. A new kind of humanitarian response is needed: one that is built on a coalition of actors committed to breaking the silos we currently work in, and who are committed to taking long-term local action to strengthen resilience – now and for the future,” said Mr Sy.
The southern Africa drought plan falls under the One Billion Coalition for Resilience – an IFRC-led initiative that is bringing together aid organizations, governments, the private sector, academia and community groups to support 1 billion people over the next ten years to take action to strengthen their safety, health and well-being.
The International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies (IFRC) is the world’s largest volunteer-based humanitarian network, reaching 150 million people each year through its 190 member National Societies. Together, IFRC acts before, during and after disasters and health emergencies to meet the needs and improve the lives of vulnerable people. It does so with impartiality as to nationality, race, gender, religious beliefs, class and political opinions. For more information, please visit www.ifrc.org. You can also connect with us on Facebook, Twitter, YouTube and Flickr.
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