Somalia: Field-based Integrated Emergency Response Assessment in Somalia

Organization: Danish Refugee Council
Country: Somalia
Closing date: 10 Nov 2016


The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) is an,independent, humanitarian organization working on all aspects of the refugee cause in more than 30 countries throughout the world. The Danish Refugee Council (DRC) and its sister organization DDG has been providing relief, humanitarian community safety, and early recovery/development services in the Horn of Africa since 1997. The aim of DRC is to protect refugees and internally displaced persons (IDPs) against persecution and to promote durable solutions to the problems of forced migration, on the basis of humanitarian principles and human rights. DRC works in accordance with the UN Conventions on Refugees and the Code of Conduct for the ICRC and NGOs in Disaster Relief. Danish Demining Group (DDG) aims to recreate a safe environment where people can live without the threat of landmines, unexploded ordinances and small arms and light weapons. These goals can be effectively advanced through cooperation and joint action with other organization as well as with integration of operations and programs with its sister organization, the DRC.

In Somalia, DRC is providing relief and development services using a human rights framework, aiming at supporting IDPs, returnees and host communities affected by conflict and natural disasters. Currently, the main sectoral programms include; Food Security and Livelihoods; NFI/Shelter; WASH and Infrastructure; Protection and Advocacy; Community-Driven Recovery and Safety; as well as Emergency Response on a case-by-case basis. DRC HoA & Yemen 2016 Strategic Program Document is aimed at ensuring synergy and complementarity of all humanitarian interventions in the region.

Integrated Emergency Response Assessment

For more than two decades, Somalia has experienced violence, conflict and lawlessness, which has exacerbated poverty and hardship, undermined social and economic development, and made it challenging for the international community to address humanitarian and development priorities. Long-standing conflicts, drought and floods have disrupted livelihoods, and food security coping mechanisms, with repeated failure of crops, diminishing water resources and water quality, depleted livestock, rising food prices and deteriorating purchasing power. Today, about 4.9 million people — or 40 per cent of the population— are in need of life-saving or livelihoods assistance. More than 1.1 million people remain internally displaced and have been waiting for too long for durable solutions to stop their ordeal. An estimated 308,000 children under the age of 5 years are acutely malnourished, with 56,000 of them facing death if not treated. Some 1.7 million children lack access to education and risk abduction, abuse and recruitment into armed groups. Forced evictions, discrimination, violation of children’s rights and gender-based violence remain pervasive.

Civilian protection challenges persist therefore. Many IDPs continue to face a high risk of forced evictions, discrimination, violation of children’s rights and persistent gender-based violence. While work on a comprehensive solutions strategy for IDPs is underway, conflict and insecurity continue to raise protection concerns and to cause suffering and even new displacement.

Recurrent shocks and poor access to services continue to require a strong focus on community resilience. Over the last year, Somalia was hit by a series of shocks, among them conflict which displaced over 40,000 people, the influx of 30,000 refugees and returnees from the Yemen crisis and the El Niño phenomenon, which affected some 145,000 people through drought and flooding. As the majority of Somalis depend on subsistence farming and pastoralism for their livelihoods, seasonal shocks such as flooding and drought continue to cause critical humanitarian needs on a regular basis, with an impact on the already weak economy.

Over the past year, improvements have been registered in almost all of the key sectors in Somalia. This has been due to concerted efforts of the various humanitarian actors in the country, Regional governments; efforts of the Somali Federal Government (SFG) and the African Union Mission in Somalia (AMISOM), and affiliate forces engaged in restoring security situation in various parts of the country.

Despite the remarkable improvements in the humanitarian situation in the country, some of the country’s most vulnerable populations remain in urgent need of humanitarian assistance and protection. This is the situation not only among those who reside in south/central region, but there are thousands of affected populations that are in dire situation who are extremely food insecure and have limited access to basic needs in other parts of the country such as those affected by the recent droughts in Somaliland, Puntland and parts of South Central Somalia. This assessment is designed to identify the main humanitarian and protection gaps of those affected by natural and man-made disasters and Disaster Risk Reduction (DRR) mainstreaming opportunities, which will inform design, planning and implementation of DRC integrated emergency response program and link relief recovery development.


To analyze the main humanitarian intervention needs, gaps and DRR mainstreaming opportunities, with a special focus on strategic decision-making for integrated emergency response and link relief recovery development. This will inform program design and planning of programmes in Somalia. The thematic areas to be covered in this assessment are; Livelihood and Food Security, Shelter/NFI, WASH, Protection and DRR. Specifically, the assessment should come up with the following:

· Document a contextual analysis of the current humanitarian situation in assessment target areas , identifying risks of vulnerability to the affected population, needs, and explore gaps in humanitarian coverage, recommending programmatic interventions in emergency relief and sustainable recovery, with suggested activities for DRR mainstreaming/programming in the selected areas;

· Document Impact of the natural and manmade conflicts on the vulnerable people both household and community levels, assessing how it affects the economy of the community support and traditional governance structures.

· Identification of challenges and opportunities of humanitarian actors for addressing gaps towards inclusive service provision;

· Assess the affected community basic infrastructures and how the recurrent droughts affected the coping mechanisms, come up with a comprehensive understanding of the socio-economic and environmental context of area to assist the targeting and different needs of each community.


The assessment will be conducted in selected areas in Somalia and will be guided by the objectives, sectors and cross-cutting issues of interest. Specific locations will be selected from South-Central Zone (includes Mogadishu IDP Settlements, Baidoa, Dollow, Dhobley, Kismayo, Beletweyne, Luuq & Belethawa), Puntland; Somaliland (Awdal, Toghdeer, Sool and Sanaag regions) and Puntland (possible areas to include Garowe, Gardo, Baran, Erigavo and Bosaso). Accessibility to some of these suggested districts, to non-Somalis, may be dependent upon the security situation at the time of the field visit, and travel must be pre-approved by the DRC Safety Advisors. Applicants must explain how they plan to access the places in their expressions of interest.

3.1 Key tasks with list of ‘key activities’, under each responsibility.

  • Develop an Inception Report detailing among other things; the process and methodologies to be employed to achieve the objectives of this consultancy as stated above. It should include all assessment tools, and important time schedules for this exercise, and be presented to DRC for review and further inputs, before going to the field.

  • Undertake desk review of the relevant secondary studies conducted by other partners, Cluster and DRC

  • Design, develop, critique (with DRC team) and refine data collection tools.

  • Conduct a comprehensive field based project evaluation [using both quantitative and qualitative data collection methods]

  • Carry out data collection, entry and analysis and write up the final evaluation report based on DRC inputs into the draft version.

3.2 Methodology

It is envisioned that the assessment will be conducted using a combination of methodologies through primary and secondary data from reliable and relevant sources. The consultant will however, in consultation with DRC, design an appropriate and comprehensive methodology to conduct the assessment. The methodology should ensure an area-wise analysis and presentation of findings based on the objectives and by sectors stated above. The methodology may include but is not limited to review of existing information on infrastructures, collecting quantitative and qualitative data from returnees, government line ministries, service providers and community members etc.

3.3 Key deliverables/outputs

  • Inception Report– The inception report will be a scoping exercise for the assessment and will include the proposed methodologies, data collection and reporting plans with draft data collection tools such as interview guides, the allocation of roles and responsibilities within the team, a timeframe with firm dates for deliverables, and the travel and logistical arrangements for the team. This is expected a maximum of four days after signing of the contract.

  • Debriefing meetings / Feedback to Area Managers at field levels – The consultant will report his/her preliminary findings to the DRC’s Area Managers, and DRC Monitoring and Evaluations Officer before leaving the field.

  • Draft Report – A draft report, identifying key findings, conclusions, recommendations for the current and future operation, and take in consideration the outputs of the debriefing session. This will be reviewed by DRC for initial feedback.

  • Final report – The final report (max 40 pages, excluding the preliminary pages and annexes), will contain a short executive summary (max 3 pages) and a main body of the report covering a description of the assessment methods and limitations, the background of humanitarian issues – specific to DRC’s sectors (for each of the districts), the findings, interventions, conclusions, lessons learned, clear recommendations (which includes assessment of risks/ humanitarian access). Recommendations should be specific, feasible, and in line with DRC’s strategic mandate.

The report should also contain appropriate appendices, including a copy of the ToR, cited resources or bibliography, a list of those interviewed and any other relevant materials. The final assessment report will be submitted one week after receipt of the consolidated feedback from DRC. The report should be Five (5) Hard-cover-bound copies and soft copy in two (4) CD- ROMs in pdf version.

4 DRC/DDG’s responsibilities

The consultant will report to the DRC Program Development and Quality Manager and closely coordinate field activities with the MEAL Manager. The Regional Emergency Advisor will provide support on a case to case basis. DRC staff in the evaluation areas will provide necessary support to the team, as may be needed. The Consultant may provide updates on progress as requested.

DRC will provide the following to the lead consultant:

§ Transport to and from the field.

§ All necessary project documents as requested by the consultant

§ Travel Insurance, where applicable

§ Accommodation, including meals, for consultant (where necessary)

§ Pay consultancy fees at a mutually agreed rate

The terms and conditions of service will follow DRC terms of consultancies. Payment will be done according to the finance procedures of DRC/DDG.

5 Reporting Arrangements

The consultant shall work under the direct supervision of DRC Somalia Program Development and Quality Manager with technical oversight by Regional Emergency Advisor and admistrative oversight of the Deputy Country Director, Somalia Program.


It is anticipated that the assessment will take 21 days from the date of signing the Contract, The Consultant/Consultancy firm should develop a feasible costed work plan/activity schedule covering an approximately 21 days and submit as integral part of the proposal for this consultancy.


· Have an Advanced degree in Development Studies, Social sciences or other relevant fields.

· Demonstrable experience in leading assessment of humanitarian programs responding to major disasters, with specific emphasis on WASH, Shelter and NFIs, DRR, Livelihood and Food Security and Protection;

· Demonstrable experience in leading evaluations using Participatory Impact Assessment (PIA) approaches

· Knowledge of strategic and operational management of humanitarian operations and proven ability to provide strategic recommendations to key stakeholders;

· Strong analytical skills and ability to clearly synthesize and present findings, draw practical conclusions, make recommendations and to prepare well-written reports in a timely manner;

· Demonstrated experience in both quantitative and qualitative data collection and data analysis techniques, especially in emergency operations;

· Experience, knowledge and clear understanding of Somalia’s humanitarian context;

· Good interpersonal skills and understanding cultural sensitivities;

· Readiness to travel to and across Somalia and conduct direct standard assessment activities.

Assessment and award of Consultancy

DRC will evaluate the proposals and award the assignment based on technical and financial feasibility. DRC reserves the right to accept or reject any proposal received without giving reasons and is not bound to accept the lowest or the highest bidder. Only those shortlisted will be contacted. Any subcontracting of the consultancy will not be accepted.

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The consultant should be willing to work in the target areas of South Central Somalia, where security allows. The consultant may have his/her own team to work with and then they will entirely be under the jurisdiction of the consultant and at no time will DRC/DDG be held responsible for them.

9 General

Commitments: DRC/DDG has a Humanitarian Accountability Framework, outlining its global accountability committments. All staff are required to contribute to the achievement of this framework (http://www.DRC/

How to apply:


Interested applicants who meet the required profile are invited to submit an Expression of Interest (EoI) to DRC. The EoI should include:

· A suitability statement including CV of participating consultants with details of qualifications and experience.

· Technical proposal that summarizes understanding of the TOR, methodology and tools to be used.

· Work-plan clearly indicating the activity schedule.

· Financial proposal providing cost estimates and consultancy fees.

· Contacts of three organizations that have recently contracted you to carry out similar assignment.

· The foreseen work plan for the days. Daily consulting rate is negotiable, although will be commensurate to DRC consultancy terms and standards.

Applications should include CVs, Technical proposal, Work plans, and financial proposal all to be uploaded on the DRC recruitment portal

Please forward the expression of interest, in English and marked ‘Integrated Emergency Response Assessment in Somalia’ no later than 10th November 2016.

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