Afghanistan: Gender and Human Rights Impact Evaluation(Re-announced)

By Swedish Committee for Afghanistan Organization: Swedish Committee for Afghanistan
Country: Afghanistan
Closing date: 20 Oct 2018

Terms of Reference – Gender and Human Rights Impact Evaluation(Re-announced)

Introduction

Swedish Committee for Afghanistan (SCA) is an aid organization that has been working in Afghanistan since 1982. We carry out development projects in the areas of education, healthcare, rural development and rehabilitation of persons with disabilities. SCA has about 6,000 employees, 99 per cent of whom are Afghans. Our operations are especially directed to the most vulnerable groups in the society and are always carried out in close cooperation with the local communities. SCA is operating in fourteen of Afghanistan’s provinces through five regional management offices in Mazar Sharif, Taloqan, Wardak, Jalalabad and Ghazni and four liaison offices.

We mainly work in the poor rural areas of Afghanistan with a special focus on women, children, persons with disabilities and returnees. The work with human rights and gender issues is central to SCA and permeates the entire organization.

In Sweden, SCA has about 8,000 members and monthly sponsors, as well as an office in Stockholm with about 20 employees.

SCA is a politically and religiously independent aid organization that is mainly funded by thousands of individuals, SIDA, EC and the World Bank. The member-based organization was established in 1980.

We mainly work in the poor rural areas of Afghanistan with a special focus on women, children and persons with disabilities. The work with human rights and gender issues is central to SCA and permeates the entire organization.

SCA is operating in 14 provinces of Afghanistan through five regional management offices in Mazar Sharif, Taloqan, Wardak, Jalalabad and Ghazni and four liaison offices.

Human Rights and Gender Unit is the core unit of SCA with a mandate to promote and implement gender mainstreaming and rights based approach throughout all SCA programmes including its operational environment. The HRG Unit is entrusted with the task of creating structures, systems, tools and methods to incorporate gender concerns at the organizational and programmatic levels as well as perform functions related to oversight and backstopping.

Background Information and Rationale

Gender mainstreaming and promoting human rights has been identified by the Government of Afghanistan in the Interim Afghanistan National Development Strategy (I-ANDS) and the two new strategic documents National Priority Programme (NPPs) and Afghanistan’s National Peace and Development Framework (ANPDF). These documents are main strategies for achieving gender equality and promoting human rights in Afghanistan. Promotion and protection of human rights is a constitutional obligation of the Government of Afghanistan and the government to its full realization. There are systems in placed but unfortunately, growing threats of terrorism and violent extremism continue to challenge the very principles of freedom and human rights and gender equality in Afghanistan. The 10-year National Action Plan for the Women of Afghanistan (NAPWA) has been designated in the I-ANDS as the principal tool through which to support gender mainstreaming and human rights but is due to be “fully” implemented by the end of 2018.

However, despite continued security challenges, the development actors and Government of Afghanistan are determined to preserve the gains made over the past sixteen years. Various networks and forums on gender and human rights established at national and sub national level, gender, and human rights focused programmes designed and implemented by NGOs, INGOs and government ministries. As yet, no comprehensive assessment or evaluation carried out to identify effectiveness, challenges, document key achievements, and best practices on gender and human rights within these structures and programmes. At present, there is limited national ownership of the gender and human rights agenda or its documentation, which is largely driven by donor specifications.

We at SCA also lacking a comprehensive evaluation to assess impact of our programmes on gender equality and promotion of RBA principles. Therefore, SCA is planning to conduct an evaluation to assess the impact of its programmatic interventions on gender equality and human rights promotion which the scope of its own programmes in the covered geographical areas. Such evaluation will inform us of our strengthens and improvement areas and recommend ways to address the existing gaps in order to further the process of gender equality and human rights promotion.

Scope of the Assignment

Human Rights and Gender equality are at the heart of the SCA mandates as set out in the Strategic Plan 2014-2017 as well as the new strategy 2018-2021 and SCA Policies. The mandates recognize that the gender mainstreaming process is an integral part of the Rights Based Approach (RBA). This underpins the SCA’s robust understanding of the disadvantaged position that women and girls hold relative to men and boys in terms of education, health status, economic empowerment and decision-making powers in different spheres of their lives. The focus on gender mainstreaming, gender analysis and RBA as a tool to achieve these, has been articulated in SCA’s Strategic plans, mission statements, the SCA Policy document and its work plans. A rights based approach for SCA is a comprehensive and holistic development process that integrate all human rights norms, standards and principles to promote social justice and equality by empowering women, children, persons with disabilities, returnees and rural poor to demand their rightful entitlements, holding duty bearers accountable for their obligation, promoting equity and challenge discrimination by addressing root causes of vulnerabilities. Individuals are viewed as active agents entitled to determine their own fate and possessing capacities to be part of their own development. The specific principles pushed for within SCA programming in terms of RBA, have been participation, non-discrimination, accountability and transparency, determining what is done as well as influencing how things are done. For our target groups to have greater influence over their own development, changes are required in how power, resources and ideas are created and distributed. We recognize target groups and individuals as rights holders withfreedom and responsibility to claim and exercise their rights. The RBA encourages community members to become active agents of their own development and drivers of change. SCA’s principle role is that of a facilitator, helping the rights holders develop the will and ability to demand and claim rights, and to hold governments, social institutions, donors, the community and other duty-bearers to account.

SCA is mandated to achieve gender equality and RBA whereby both poor women and men will exercise equal rights, enjoy equal power, be equal decision-makers, and have access and control over resources and services equally. This means ensuring that both women and men are consulted, and their different needs and perspectives are considered at all stages of the programme cycle – design, implementation, monitoring and evaluation – to be sure that our programmes benefit women and men, boys and girls equally, do not harm or exclude women, and help to redress existing gender imbalances, harmful traditional gender practices, discriminations and any social economic issue which is considered a barrier for the equality and development of both women and boys , boys and girls.

SCA successfully completed the strategic period 2014-2017; we are now in our new strategic mission, which is for the period of 2018-2021. SCA would like conduct an impact evaluation on gender and RBA to assess how its target groups (women and men, boys and girls, persons with disabilities marginalized and other vulnerable groups) are influenced and empowered through its programmatic interventions in the strategic period 2014-2017. The evaluation will be focusing on the assessment of impact of SCA’s programmatic interventions on gender equality and integration of RBA principles in SCA geographical areas.

This evaluation will be focusing on a) Assessing an internal and SCA existing mechanisms, policies , strategies and structure, capacity, resourcing for facilitation human rights and gender equality b) External assessment to identify how SCA programme influenced gender equality and RBA integration in rural communities where SCA operates its programmes. The evaluation process will also be enriched by compiling and consolidation of e.g. good practices, programme specific case studies and success stories as well as improvement areas where SCA needs more investment, expertise and resources allocation.

It establishes a baseline, identifies gaps, challenges, and examples of good practices, and recommends way of addressing gaps as well as new and more effective strategies. The proposed evaluation would further supplement the Gender Situational Analysis and Harmful Traditional Gender Practice Studies and should be a strong value added exercise to crystallize further the issues into implementable SCA Strategic Plan. It also validate the usefulness of existing RBA integration plan, gender mainstreeting checklist specific to the programming context, and guide HRGU planning in 2019 and beyond .The findings and recommendations of the evaluation will help SCA to further improve and strengthen its programme interventions, internal mechanisms as well as well resource allocation efforts in order to actualize the concept of gender and RBA principles into its programme in a more practical manner. It also means examining our organisational practices and ensuring that they support gender equality. SCA therefore seeks to obtain the services of an individual consultant who can lead this exercise.

Objectives of the Assignment

The overall objective of this evaluation is to assess SCA’s programme impact on promotion of human rights and achieving gender equality.

The specific objectives of evaluation is:

  • To assess the strengths and weaknesses of SCA gender mainstreaming and RBA approaches in SCA operations; programmes and policies
  • To Assess where SCA stands in promoting gender equality and human rights and responding to gender and rights issues within the organization and at programme level
  • To explore existing gaps, constraints and opportunities related to gender mainstreaming and RBA integration
  • To provide a set of detailed, practicable recommendations for SCA to improve the planning and implementation of its future gender mainstreaming and RBA work.
  • To review existing gender dimensions and make recommendations for change based on findings
  • To suggest way of Improving current practices and propose forward‐looking strategies to further the process of gender equality and human rights promotion within SCA programmes and operation

Approach and Methodology

The Gender and Human Rights Impact Evaluation will be consultative and will deploy a mixture of qualitative and quantitative methods of data collection and analysis. The methodology will include; disk review, discussions (with SCA Staff and Partners, rights holder, duty bearers other NGOs and INGOs) Field visits, Focus group discussions, Interviews and meetings. The consultant will use questionnaires to collective quantitative data.

Prior to the evaluation (the evaluation questionnaire will be prepared by the consultant in advance). The entire interview exercise particularly FGDs will be participatory, and participants will be encouraged to participate actively.

The consultants will be responsible for the detailed design of the methodology, which will be developed in close cooperation with SCA.

The evaluation will be carried out in four SCA’s regional management offices including Mazar-e Sharif, Taloqan, Ghazni and Jalalabad.

Guiding Principles and Values

The consultant will make sure to get consent of every and each interviewees before collecting data or if she/he wants to record voices. SCA is working in rural areas with women and men, boys and girls. Taking into consideration, the context realties SCA usually assign women to work with women, girls’, and men with the men and boys. Thus, there is a need of both women and men data collectors in order facilitate data collection from both sexes.

SCA will chose not to collaborate with applicants that violates human rights, commit gender discrimination and harassment.

Management of Task

The Human Rights and Gender Unit (HRGU) of SCA will have the direct supervision role towards the consultant while Planning, Monitoring and Evaluation (PMER) Unit of SCA will have the technical role and leading on technical aspects of the Evaluation methodologies, data collection, sample size and overall relevancy of the proposed methodologies with the scope and objectives of evaluation.

The role and responsibilities of SCA and consultant/s are described with details in bellow:

SCA’s Responsibilities

SCA will:

  • Provide the consultant/consultants with all relevant SCA organizational and programme documents, and provide assistance in accessing external documents providing contextual background if necessary
  • Help in providing information from the organizations for detailed desk study
  • Assist the consultant/team leader in arranging her/his travel to and from Afghanistan, covering the costs of international flights, visas and health and travel insurance. Provide accommodation, subsistence and transportation costs for the duration of the work carried out in Afghanistan
  • Arrangement of meetings, focus group discussion, interviews in Kabul management office and regional management offices,
  • Accompany consultant on field visits when required.

Consultant Responsibilities

  • Inception Report: Following the desk review and prior to beginning fieldwork, the evaluation team will produce an inception report. . PMER will coordinate the inception report with relevant units for their comments and approval by HRGU Manager. This report will detail a draft work plan with a summary of the primary information needs, the methodology to be used, and a work plan/schedule for field visits and major deadlines. With respect to methodology, the evaluation team will provide a description of how data will be collected and a sampling framework, data sources, and drafts of suggested data collection tools such as questionnaires and interview guides.

  • Field Visits: The Consultant Team will visit SCA four identified regional management offices and the relevant, SCA partners and the relevant duty bearers and conduct interviews/FGDs etc. using different tools to facilitate maximum participation of women and men, boys and girls as well as adhere to the contextual sensitivity around the issue.

  • Presentation of Findings: At the end of the fieldwork, the team will present preliminary findings to validate and prioritize learning at the programme level.

  • Draft Report: A draft report will be submitted by the consultant to PMER and HRGU. PMER will circulate it to other relevant programme heads. The feedback on the draft will be submitted to the consultant/Team within two weeks of receipt of the draft report.

  • Final Report : The final report should be submitted by the consultant within four days of receiving the input on the draft and should include an executive summary that summarizes the key lessons learned and should also include best practices case studies. PMER will share the SCA reporting template in which the consultant will developed the report.

Professional Qualifications

The assignment will be carried out by a team of national and international consultants preferably women and men who will be responsible for stated outcomes and deliverables. The lead consultants will have the following experience and skills:

· University degree, preferably advanced level, in gender and development, law or directly related social sciences;

· At least 7 – 10 years relevant and professional experience including extensive knowledge of and experience in research and evaluation, gender RBA assessments,

· Knowledge of national gender mainstreaming systems as well as socio-economical and geo-political drivers in Afghanistan will be highly desirable;

· Proven ability and experience in leading and facilitating assessments, evaluations and field interviews;

· Multidisciplinary skills and the ability to communicate effectively;

· Ability to work both independently and as part of a team;

· Sensitivity to regional political, gender and cultural balance in South Asia;

· A high standard of professionalism; and

· Fluency in English (written and spoken) with excellent drafting and communication skills. Ability to communicate in Dari/Pushto will be a plus.

Proposal Submissions

Proposals shall be addressed and submitted at evaluations@sca.org.af no later than 20th October 2018 at 12.00 (Local Time):

Please subject your email as Gender and Human Rights Impact Evaluation

Please be aware that tenderers may not be allowed to make any corrections or additions to the tender after the deadline for submission has passed. Although the tenderer may correct obvious misstatements or miscalculations. SCA may in certain cases ask that the tender is clarified even after the deadline of submission has passed if it may be done without risking special treatment. The tenderer has no right for compensation for the tender or cost associated with the tender process.

Documents and contents need to be submitted:

Interested consultants are required to submit the following:

  • Technical Proposal that include a description of the methodology to be applied, tentative work plan on how he/she plan to conduct the evaluation. CVs of consultants to be also annexed with the proposal
  • In addition, the consultant should add a summary on financial offer including:

  • The consultancy fee,

  • Travel costs to Afghanistan (if travelling from another country).

  • Proposed payment schedule, based on achievements and milestones

Accommodation and food for time in Afghanistan for the consultant will be arranged and paid for by SCA.

Deliverables and Timelines

For the purpose evaluation exercise, it is important that the consultant acknowledge that the following deliverables will be expected. The time frame envisaged is 36 working days starting from (20 August 30 September 2018).

Inception Report: The consultant will submit an inception report before starting the evaluation process. The inception report should cover the consultant’s understanding of the terms of reference, the methodology to be used for evaluation, proposed evaluation tools, a work plan/schedule coverage and criteria for field visits, target group analysis, reference document to be used and major deadlines. Following is a further breakdown of the work plan.

· Review of existing documents in SCA 4 days

· Development of evaluation tools 4 days

· Conducting evaluation exercise 16 day

· Compiled/documented of one good practice example selected from interviews, programme reviews and interviews 2 days

· Developing a draft report (including one year action plan) 5 days

· Incorporating SCA feedback 2 days

· Final report submission 3 days

Total 36 days

Pre-Report Finalization Debriefing Meeting (s): The consultant will present the findings to a panel (assigned by SCA) and receive the feedback within a week. The preliminary findings will be discussed to inform decision-making.

Draft Evaluation Report: The consultant will submit a draft report for discussions before the evaluation comes to an end (the format of the report will be provided by the SCA’s Monitoring and Evaluation Unit).

Final Report with Executive Summary: A well analyzed report depicting agreed points, recommendations and conclusion – the report will analyze findings of the evaluation and recommend ways to further strengthening mainstream gender and RBA integration (The template for the final report will be provided by the Monitoring and Evaluation Unit)

How to apply:

Proposal Submissions

Proposals shall be addressed and submitted at evaluations@sca.org.af no later than 20th October 2018 at 12.00 (Local Time):

Please subject your email as Gender and Human Rights Impact Evaluation

Please be aware that tenderers may not be allowed to make any corrections or additions to the tender after the deadline for submission has passed. Although the tenderer may correct obvious misstatements or miscalculations. SCA may in certain cases ask that the tender is clarified even after the deadline of submission has passed if it may be done without risking special treatment. The tenderer has no right for compensation for the tender or cost associated with the tender process.

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