Jordan: Short – Term Consultancy : Situational Analysis of Child Labour in Jordan.

By Terre des hommes Foundation Child Relief Organization: Terre des hommes Foundation Child Relief
Country: Jordan
Closing date: 22 Oct 2018

Terre des hommes (Tdh) Jordan delegation is seeking to contract a national expert or a team of experts that display the human, ethical and technical capacities to conduct a comprehensive analysis of the situation of child labour in Jordan.

I. Organization and Context background information

Created in 1960, the Foundation of Terre des hommes Lausanne (Tdh) mission is to defend and promote the rights of children, in humanitarian as well as development contexts. Today, Terre des hommes Foundation is the largest non-governmental organization (NGO) for children’s aid in Switzerland. Tdh implements projects and programs in more than 40 countries, including Lebanon, Jordan, Egypt and Syria. Over the last fifty years, Terre des hommes has developed several programmes, in two core areas: healthcare and child protection. Every year, Tdh offers sustainable solutions and a better future for over one million children and their relatives by focusing on two levels:

  • through field intervention worldwide for children, whereby projects are carried out under our own management or in partnership with local organizations;

  • as an ambassador for children’s rights in Switzerland and throughout the world, through advocacy campaigns that promote the fundamental rights of children as contained in the Convention on the Rights of the Child adopted by the UN in 1989.

Tdh Jordan was established in 2007 in response to the Iraqi refugee crisis. Since then the Migration program has evolved into responding to various emergencies that have afflicted the country at different periods in time, including the Syrian refugee crisis. In 2011 the organization established an Access to Justice program, focused on protecting the rights of children in conflict with the law aiming to orient the justice stakeholders towards a more child friendly and protective juvenile justice system.

Currently Tdh works with the Syrian refugees in the Emirates Jordanian camp (EJC), urban Syrian refugees and vulnerable host communities through several child focused interventions, covering geographical areas of Amman, Zarqa, Irbid, Mafraq and Jerash. Tdh partners with governmental and civil society actors to protect the rights of children in detention centers and to advance the implementation of law on the protection of children in conflict with the law in Jordan.

As of to-date Tdh Jordan has developed a Theory of Change (TOC) around enhancing the resilience of children, families, communities and protection systems, and has a long term country strategy 2018-2020 aiming to strengthen the CP system in Jordan through four main strategic directions:

  • empowering vulnerable children, families and communities

  • partnering with formal and informal actors to enhance multi-sectorial coordination and collaboration

  • improving access to quality CP services for all children

  • structuring for forward thinking

Child labour, child marriage, violence against children and prevention of violent extremism amongst youth are four priority child protection issues to be tackled across the migration and access to justice programme of Tdh Jordan.

II. Child labour in Jordan

Since the onset of the Syria crisis, child labour is considered a growing phenomenon in Jordan as a negative coping mechanism of vulnerable families and children to survival. The ILO 2016 National Child Labour Survey found that over 75,000 children are engaged in some form of economic activity, almost 2% of the total number of children[1]. According to the same report most children work in either agricultural or domestic services capacities, though some, mostly boys, undertake more hazardous work, including working on construction sites or in factories.

The most prevalent driver of child labour is considered family economic hardship. Refugee families in Jordan are faced with high poverty levels, increased rent costs, worsening living conditions due to the protracted nature of the Syria crisis. In 2016, TDH conducted an assessment on child labour in Irbid, Amman, Azraq and Jordan Valley (pre-identified as highly affected areas). The results of this assessment confirmed that poverty and the need for family survival are the main factors leading to child labour with the majority of children (89% of Jordanians) and (99% of Syrians) citing this as a reason to work.

While there have been some reports focused on the situation of child labour in Jordan and in particular related to the welfare of Syrian refugee population, there is a general lack of validated information about the prevalence and magnitude of the situation in the country.

Hence, Tdh Jordan is planning to conduct a situational analysis of child labour phenomenon in Jordan, as a follow up of the Rapid Assessment on Child Labour (2016) inquiry.

III. Objective and deliverables of the assignment

The purpose of the study is to provide an overall analysis of the situation of child labour in Jordan and more specifically:

  • To provide an analysis of the prevalence of working children (both children involved in child labor, those involved in hazardous work) including hidden forms of child labor;

  • To collect information on the profile of working children, siblings and their families including but not limited to:

o their nationality and demographic composition (details by age/sex/ethnicity/marital status/disability status/orphanhood/literacy and educational status);

o classification by type of work/sector of economy, earnings and weekly hours of work;

o reasons for not attending school/reasons for working;

  • To identify the prevailing sectors of economy, forms of child labour and geographic distribution of the phenomenon per region/governorate and district in Jordan;

  • To analyze the push and pull factors of child labour in Jordan and its underlying causes leading to the persistence of child labour;

  • To identify the specific child protection and wellbeing risks related to engagement of children in child labour in Jordan;

  • To analzye the extent to which the current services and social protection system in Jordan is responding to the needs of the working children, conduct a mapping of actors and existing actors and identify the gaps;

  • To provide recommendations at the programme, policy and service provision level on how to respond to child labour phenomenon in Jordan.

IV. Study methodology

The study methodology will be primarily secondary data review and qualitative in nature, but will not exclude some quantitative analysis. The working methods for this study involve, but are not limited to; desk review, key informant interviews, FGDs and quantitative data analysis. Secondary data should be gathered to the extent possible from various sources in English and Arabic, including the appropriate government ministries and other studies.

Consultant(s) are expected to carry out the desk review first, based on which the qualitative study questions and data gathering tools will be further revised and validated.

The study should cover geographical locations in the north, centre and south of Jordan, however the specific geographical areas of focus for the purpose of the study will be selected following the desk review phase, in consultation with Tdh programme team.

The consultant team should propose appropriate research methods as part of their proposal. Tdh will provide significant input throughout all the process of this assignment.

V. Key deliverables

The following deliverables are expected from this assignment:

  • The study methodology, tools and instruments;

  • Desk review assessment report with specific recommendations for the qualitative study, including specific geographical areas of focus;

  • Electronic and hard files with all the raw data collected during the assignment;

  • Log of analyses carried out during data analysis and report writing phase;

  • Facilitate a 1 day learning workshop/debriefing session to present the draft findings of the review to Tdh staff and other stakeholders and to gather feedback needed to finalize the report.

  • Final report in English which must include, but is not limited to the following sections:

a. Executive Summary

b. Background

c. Objectives

d. Study Methodology(to include locations; questionnaire design and development; training; field work; data entry and processing; data analysis; limitations to the study)

e. Desk Review analysis and recommendations

f. Findings and conclusions presented in narrative and tables/graphs

g. Recommandations (policy and programmatic level)

h. Annexes (to include references, questionnaire, etc)

Note : All items described in the deliverables above should be in English language.

VI. Modalities and Timeline

The situational analysis is expected to be carried within a period of 7 weeks between 1stof November – 15th December 2018.

A precise timeframe is to be proposed by the consultant or the team of consultants, together with a detailed methodology. The available budget for this consultancy is 7000 JOD.

Tdh Jordan will cover all the transportation and the logistical support for the data collection and setting up of meetings in the framework of this assignment.

I. Requirements for the expert

The expert or the team of experts should meet the following conditions, qualifications and experience:

  • Master Degree in economic, social sciences, child labor, development studies or related field;

  • Knowledge and experience of working with INGOs in Jordan and in Middle East countries with strong understanding of social and child protection issues;

  • Thorough knowledge of and experience in quantitative data analysis as it relates to child labor;

  • Experience with using participatory approaches;

  • Experience in conducting field research using qualitative and quantitative methods;

  • Experience in consolidating and analyzing data, writing reports and in making

  • recommendations;

  • Ability to analyze and present complex data in a clear and understandable format;

  • Excellent communication skills;

  • Ability to manage the available time and resources and to work to tight deadlines;

  • Available for the whole period of the study;

  • Thorough knowledge of issues related to child labor, refugee population and humanitarian context in Jordan and Middle Eastern countries.

  • Proficiency in English and Arabic.

II. Application procedure

The application should contain the following information:

  • CV of the expert or group of experts

  • Company profile (if applicable)

  • Cover letter

  • Example of relevant work

  • Proposed methodology for the study

  • Timeline and confirmation of availability on the set period of time

  • Financial plan for the consultancy including number of days needed for the completion of the entire assignment.

III. Ethical considerations

The consultant/consulting agency must sign the Terre des hommes Child Safeguarding Policy and Code of Conduct and be willing to adhere to its principles and expected practices. If a breach of the policy or code of conduct takes place the consultancy will be terminated immediately without any financial burden on Tdh.

IV. Disclaimer on copyright, data protection

All documents, project designs, drawings, data and information shall be treated as confidential and shall not without the written approval of Tdh be made available to any third party. In addition, the consultant(s) formally undertakes not to disclose any parts of the confidential information and shall not, without the written approval of Tdh be made available to any third party. The utilization of the report is solely at the decision and discretion of Tdh. All the documents containing both raw data/materials provided by Tdh and final report, both soft and hard copies are to be returned to Tdh upon completion of the assignment. All documentation and reports written as, and as a result of the research or otherwise related to it, shall remain the property of Tdh. No part of the report shall be reproduced except with the prior, expressed and specific written permission of Tdh.

The expert or the team of experts will work under the leadership of the Quality & Accountability (Q&A) department of Tdh Jordan delegation with the support of the Q&A department in Headquarters, with the technical support of the Transversal Protection Sector in Headquarters and of the Middle East North Africa zone.

How to apply:

The interested applicants should submit the complete application – Please refer to the ***application procedure* -** to the human resources department at the e-mail**:** * naming the application email title (SACL/NAME OF APPLICANT) no later than (Wednesday / October 22nd, 2018)*

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